Video Article

Two port laparoscopic trachelectomy without the use of ureteral stents


  • Greg J. Marchand
  • Sienna Anderson
  • Stacy Ruther
  • Sophia Hopewell
  • Giovanna Brazil
  • Katelyn Sainz
  • Hannah Wolf
  • Alexa King
  • Jannelle Vallejo
  • Kelly Ware
  • Kaitlynne Cieminski
  • Anthony Galitsky
  • Ali Azadi

Received Date: 10.03.2020 Accepted Date: 27.04.2020 J Turk Ger Gynecol Assoc 2021;22(4):336-338 PMID: 32517426

Trachelectomy is a notoriously difficult laparoscopic procedure, often because of remaining scar tissue from a prior supracervical hysterectomy, as well as the necessity to clear vital organs, including the bladder and the rectum, out of the plane of dissection in order to remove the cervix. Many authors have suggested techniques involving ureteral stents to minimize the chance of ureteral injury. Our institute presents this two-port laparoscopic technique without the use of stents, which we believe safely accomplishes the trachelectomy through very minimally invasive means.

Keywords: Trachelectomy, laparoscopy, single port, two port, robotic


Trachelectomy is a notoriously difficult laparoscopic procedure (1). The reasons for this include remaining scar tissue from a prior supracervical hysterectomy, as well as the necessity to clear vital organs, including the bladder and the rectum out of the plane of dissection in order to remove the cervix (2,3). Based on our review of the literature, many authors have discussed the use of novel techniques (4,5), ureteral stents (6,7), and uterine manipulators (5) for the purpose of performing trachelectomy (8). In this video we present our technique for laparoscopic, two-port trachelectomy, using a novel approach of vaginal tension on the cervix to complete the colpotomy.


To demonstrate a technique to perform a laparoscopic trachelectomy in the safest, most minimally invasive, cost effective way possible, without the use of ureteral stents (Video 1). We designed a surgical technique including several novel aspects. First, we began dissection on the cervical stump with a linear horizontal incision to maximize the distance from the bladder and rectum (Figure 1). Next, we used a technique of maintaining pressure against the vaginal cuff, deep within the abdomen, to move the ureters laterally, thus eliminating the need for ureteral stents. We overcame the obvious problem of keeping the cervix planted against the manipulator by the novel usage of a laparoscopic tenaculum, used to hold the cervix from the vaginal approach through the manipulator (Figure 2). Thus we were able to complete the circumferential colpotomy (Figure 3) with the cervix firmly held against the internal ring of the manipulator at all times.


A narrated video demonstration of the surgical procedure (Canadian Task Force Classification III).


The setting was a suburban hospital in the United States.


The patient was an obese, 46-year-old female with pain in the area of the cervix and vaginal bleeding 10 years after open supra-cervical hysterectomy. Two-port laparoscopic trachelectomy without ureteral stents was performed. Our novel technique was successful in completing the procedure without complications. We have explained the technique and instrumentation in this video, for reproducibility. The patient was discharged 26 hours after surgery and her recovery was uneventful.


This technique is a feasible, reproducible procedure for laparoscopic trachelectomy. Novel aspects of this technique may effectively eliminate the need for pre-operative ureteral stents in some cases.

Video 1. Fully narrated video demonstration of our described technique of two port laparoscopic trachelectomy without the need for ureteral stents

Acknowledgement: The Marchand Institute for Minimally Invasive Surgery would like to acknowledge the efforts of all of the students, researchers, residents and fellows at the institute who put their time and effort into these projects without compensation, only for the betterment of women’s health. We firmly assure them that the future of medicine belongs to them.

Commitment to Diversity: The Marchand Institute remains committed to diversity and tolerance in its research, and actively maintains a workplace free of racism and sexism. Greater than half of the authors for this study are female and many represent diverse backgrounds and under-represented ethnic groups.

Informed Consent: Patient gave written consent for usage of video prior to and after procedure.

Financial Disclosure: The authors declared that this study received no financial support.


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