Clinical Study

Predicting neonatal outcome in isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia using ultrasonographic pulmonary measurements

  • Rodrigo Ruano
  • Marie Cecile Aubry
  • Yves Dumez
  • Marcelo Zugaib
  • Alexandra Benachi

Received Date: 27.12.2006 Accepted Date: 27.06.2007 J Turk Ger Gynecol Assoc 2007;8(3):272-277


Between January 2002 and December 2004, thirty-one fetuses with isolated CDH were prospectively evaluated. Fetal lung volumes were estimated by the rotational technique on three-dimensional ultrasonography and fetal weight by the Hadlock equation on two-dimensional ultrasound examinations, which allowed calculating the ultrasonographic fetal lung/body weight ratio (US-FLW), the observed/expected fetal lung volumes (o/e-FLV) and the lung-over-head ratio (LHR). These measurements were compared to each other and to neonatal outcome.


Good correlations were observed between the US-FLW ratio and the o/e-FLV (r=0.90, p<0.001) and the LHR (r=0.64, p<0.001). The US-FLW ratio was significantly lower in neonatal death cases (median: 0.009, range: 0.004 - 0.021) than in survivals (median: 0.011, range: 0.008 - 0.020, p=0.018), as well as the o/e-FLV (p=0.03) and the LHR (p=0.03). Accuracies of the US-FLW, the o/e-FLV and the LHR in predicting neonatal outcome were 64.52% (21/31), 80.65% (25/31) and 77.42% (24/31), respectively.


In isolated CDH, fetal size is directed related to neonatal outcome, which can be evaluated by different methods. However, the o/e-FLV seems to be the best parameter for this purpose.

Keywords: prenatal diagnosis, fetal lung, congenital diaphragmatic hernia, three-dimensional ultrasound, ultrasound, pulmonary hypoplasia