Ovarian cystectomy in endometriomas: Combined approach


  • Cihat Ünlü
  • Gazi Yildirim

Received Date: 25.08.2014 Accepted Date: 29.08.2014 J Turk Ger Gynecol Assoc 2014;15(3):177-189 PMID: 25317047

Endometrioma is one of the most frequent adnexal masses in the premenopausal population, but the recommended treatment is still a subject of debate. Medical therapy is inefficient and can not be recommended in the management of ovarian endometriomas. The general consensus is that ovarian endometriomas larger than 4 cm should be removed, both to reduce pain and to improve spontaneous conception rates. The removal of ovarian endometriomas can be difficult, as the capsule is often densely adherent. While the surgical treatment of choice is surgical laparoscopy, for conservative treatment, the preferred method is modified combined cystectomy. Cystectomy can be destructive for the ovary, whereas ablation may be incomplete, with a greater risk of recurrence. To the best of our knowledge, the modified combined technique seems to be more efficient in the treatment of endometriomas.

Keywords: Endometrioma, laparoscopy, cystectomy, combined technique