Original Investigation

A study on knowledge, attitude and practice of contraception among college students in Sikkim, India


  • Prachi Renjhen
  • Ashwini Kumar
  • Sanjay Pattanshetty
  • Afrin Sagir
  • Charmaine Minoli Samarasinghe

Received Date: 05.03.2010 Accepted Date: 16.04.2010 J Turk Ger Gynecol Assoc 2010;11(2):78-81 PMID: 24591903


To assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of contraception among the college students.

Materials and Methods:

A cross sectional study was conducted in the Government College, Gangtok, Sikkim, during the month of April 2009 to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practice of contraception among 156 students enrolled in the first year bachelor course. Descriptive statistics was used for data analysis.


98% (153/156) of the students had knowledge about family planning and 86% (134/156) of them had heard about contraceptives. Most of them knew about condoms (85%) and contraceptive pills (40%) but knowledge about permanent methods and Cu-T was poor (average 12%). Most students thought contraceptives were to be used to prevent unwanted pregnancy (35%) and for birth spacing (30%). 11% of students had used some form of contraceptive in the past and 7% were currently users. The most commonly used contraceptives were condoms, followed by combined use of OCP and condom.


The study highlights the need to motivate the youth for effective and appropriate use of contraceptives when required and arrest the trend towards unwanted pregnancy.

Keywords: Family planning, contraception, knowledge, practice