Original Investigation

What is the importance of omental metastasis in patients with endometrial cancer?


  • Taner Turan
  • Işın Üreyen
  • Alper Karalök
  • Tolga Taşçı
  • Hilal Ilgın
  • Levent Keskin
  • M. Faruk Köse
  • Gökhan Tulunay

Received Date: 03.06.2014 Accepted Date: 25.07.2014 J Turk Ger Gynecol Assoc 2014;15(3):164-172 PMID: 25317045


To identify surgico-pathologic factors, survival, and the factors determining survival in patients with omental metastasis from endometrial cancer.

Material and Methods:

Patients with endometrial cancer operated on between 1993-2012 in our hospital and who had omental metastases were included. Patients with either uterine sarcoma or synchronous tumors were excluded.


Omentectomy was performed in 811 patients with endometrial cancer, and omental metastasis was found in 48 (5.9%) patients. Tumor type was endometrioid cancer in 26 patients. Omental metastasis was macroscopic and microscopic in 60% and 40% of the patients, respectively. Total omentectomy increased the chance of detection of the microscopic metastases. Among the patients with omental metastasis, 68.8% had positive peritoneal cytology, 66.7% had adnexal involvement, 60.5% had metastases in the lymph nodes, 47.9% had cervical involvement, and 29.2% had serosal involvement; 43.8% of these patients had intra-abdominal spread beyond the omentum, adnexa, and peritoneal cytology. Two-year disease-free survival (DFS) was 28.2%, and 2-y overall survival (OS) was 40%. The depth of myometrial invasion, grade, cytology, and status of pelvic lymph nodes affected 2-y DFS, while cervical invasion and cytology affected 2-y OS.


Omental metastasis in endometrial cancer means poor prognosis, and two-thirds of these patients are lost at the end of the second year. Although total omentectomy increases the chance of the detection of micrometastases, its effect on survival is controversial. New treatment modalities are necessary in this patient group.

Keywords: Endometrial cancer, omental metastases, survival