Original Investigation

Expression of P-cadherin (cadherin-3) and E-selectin in the villous trophoblast of first trimester human placenta


  • Hüseyin Şahin
  • Yaşam Kemal Akpak
  • Ufuk Berber
  • İsmet Gün
  • Dilaver Demirel
  • Ali Rüştü Ergür

Received Date: 07.11.2013 Accepted Date: 21.12.2013 J Turk Ger Gynecol Assoc 2014;15(1):13-17 PMID: 24790510


Although trophoblastic invasion has a critical role in human placental development, very little is known about them. The aim of the present study was to localise the expression of P-cadherin (cadherin-3) and E-selectin in first trimester placenta.

Material and Methods:

This study was conducted on 140 patients who had applied to Gülhane Military Medical Academy, Haydarpaşa Education Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology between 2005 and 2006. The patients were divided into three groups: ectopic pregnancy group (Group 1), spontaneous abortion group (group 2) and curettage group (group 3 and/or control group). Patients with a history of systemic diseases (such as thrombophilia), a disease or anatomical diagnosis that may cause recurrent abortion or an aetiological factor for ectopic pregnancy were excluded from the study. Paraffin blocks were stained with E-selectin and P-cadherin in accordance with the procedure. Demographic characteristics of patients (patient age, gravida, parity, number of previous abortions, and last menstrual period) and staining intensities were compared using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) among groups.


According to the average scale score of P-cadherin staining of cells, the three groups were statistically different from each other (p=0.0001). This difference stems from statistically significantly lower scores in the spontaneous abortion group than in both the ectopic pregnancy group (p<0.001) and the control group (p<0.001). E-selectin immunostaining showed no positive staining in the groups.


In placental trophoblasts, decreased P-cadherin immunoreactivity plays a role in the aetiopathogenesis of spontaneous abortion.

Keywords: Adhesion molecules, E-selectin, human trophoblast, P-cadherin, placenta