Original Investigation

Effects of Intravaginally Inserted Controlled-Release Dinoprostone and Oxytocin for Labor Induction on Umbilical Cord Blood Gas Parameters


  • Hüseyin Levent Keskin
  • Gökalp Kabacaoğlu
  • Elçin İşlek Seçen
  • Işık Üstüner
  • Gülin Yeğin
  • Ayşe Filiz Avşar

Received Date: 13.08.2012 Accepted Date: 18.11.2012 J Turk Ger Gynecol Assoc 2012;13(4):257-260 PMID: 24592052


To compare the effects of oxytocin and dinoprostone used in labor induction on fetal blood gas parameters.

Material and Methods:

This prospective randomized trial involved 108 women who completed 37 gestational weeks and who required labor induction prior to normal vaginal birth. Labor was induced in 57 women with an intravenous low dose oxytocin regimen and in 51 with intravaginal dinoprostone (PGE2). Following childbirth, umbilical artery blood gas was analyzed, with pH, pCO2, pO2, HCO3 and base excess (BE) compared in the two groups.


Mean age and obstetrical data (gravidity, parity, gestational weeks and birthweight) were similar in the two groups (p>0.05). All infants had 1 and 5 minute APGAR scores ≥7. Umbilical artery blood pH was similar in the oxytocin and dinoprostone groups (7.31±0.07 vs. 7.31±0.05, p=0.780), as were the other blood gas parameters (pCO2, pO2, base excess and HCO3; p>0.05 each).


Induction of labor with either oxytocin or dinoprostone in women with uncomplicated term pregnancies had no adverse effects on umbilical artery blood gas parameters.

Keywords: Oxytocin, dinoproston, umbilical artery blood gas, labor induction, pH